The costume
The costume of Oliena is a living estate in almost every family. Elegant and grave, it has very antique origins and it's quite unique in its genre. Oliena's people exhibits its costumes on weddings and on most important festivals. Costumes have been handed down for generations so that it has been kept unaltered its uniqueness. Each costume was different from the other for its embroidery, its fabric, its materials and its jewellery depending on the rank of the family belonging to. Nowadays, there still are in town masterful artisans that rigorously embroider by hand, like once.
The costume worn by the members of the group is the kind of costume worn for celebrations, of middle high rank, particularly sumptuous and with laboured fabrics, embroideries and laces. There is a more simple variant of the costume worn by the senior citizens day by day.
The items that compose women's costume are:
"su muncadore": the principal element that characterizes Oliena's women costume is the black "tibet" shawl, fold up in triangle shape and rolled in the front to "frame" the face, embroidered with flower patterns and made more precious with golden strings and hard semiprecious stones.
"sa tunica": the skirt, richly pleated and in very fine dark red woollen fabric, adorned on its bottom with a satin tape embroidered or painted with flower patterns.
"sa vranda" the apron in black silk fabric with flowers embroidery;
"sa hamisa" the shirt of pale light blue cotton, rippled in the neck and in the wrists to make the sleeves wide to let them show up also wearing the jacket. It is adorned with very fine laces and bas-relief embroideries on the wrists and on the chest.
"su gipone" cloth jacket adorned with fabrics or brocade, depending on the rank of the family belonging to. The shoes are locally handmade with calfskin and adorned with silk ribbons.

Men’s costume
Men's costume is less elaborate:
"su gipone" the red cloth jacket adorned with strips of velvet and brocade;
"sa hamisa" cotton cloth shirt embroidered on neck and wrists;
"su carcione de uresi" trouser in wool.

The jewellery
Jewelleries are of basic importance. Besides being beautiful ornaments, each of them have a symbolic meaning, usually for self-protection, generally given as present from the mother in law or from the husband.
"sa gutturada" a necklace in coral and gold for family unity;
"sos buttones" the golden buttons that wish virility or fertility;
"s'isprugadente e su cocco" amulets against evil eye;
"su sole" golden pendent for women's neck that symbolises family affection.